St Kitts and Nevis


National Flag - St. Kitts and Nevis

The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis located in the Leeward Islands, is a federal two-island nation in the West Indies. It is the smallest nation in the Americas, in both area and population.

The capital city and headquarters of government for the federated state is on the larger island of Saint Kitts. The smaller state of Nevis lies about 2 miles (3 km) southeast of Saint Kitts, across a shallow channel called “The Narrows”.

Historically, the British dependency of Anguilla was also a part of this union, which was then known collectively as Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla.

Saint Kitts and Nevis are geographically part of the Leeward Islands. To the north-northwest lie the islands of Saint Eustatius, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, and Saint-Martin/Sint Maarten. To the east and northeast are Antigua and Barbuda, and to the southeast is the small uninhabited island of Redonda, and the island of Montserrat, which currently has an active volcano (see Soufrière Hills.)

Saint Kitts and Nevis were amongst the first islands in the Caribbean to be settled by Europeans. Saint Kitts was home to the first British and French colonies in the Caribbean.

Some Achievements:

  • – First ever Eastern Caribbean Geothermal Conference in 2009
  • -1 MW WindWatt Wind Farm in Nevis (2010)
  • -Nevis Geothermal Power Development Project
  • -Nevis National Energy Policy

CIPORE Focal Point Office

Ernie Stapleton
Permanent Secretary
Ministry of Renewable Energy and the Environment on Nevis
Nevis Island Administration
Main Street, Charlestown,
Nevis, W.I.
Tel: 869-469-7057
Fax: 869-469-0096
Email: or

Fast Facts

  • Capital: Basseterre
  • Official Languages: English
  • Demonym: Kittitian, Nevisian
  • Government: Parliamentary democracy and Federal constitutional monarchy
  • Independence: 19 September 1983
  • Area: 261 km2 /101 sq mi
  • Population: 42,696 (est. 2005)
  • Currency: East Caribbean dollar

RE Snapshot

  • RE Interests: Biomass & wind for St. Kitts, geothermal for Nevis
  • RE Target: 100% by 2010 (Nevis)
  • Utility Company: St. Kitts Electricity Department &  the Nevis Electricity Company
  • RE in Grid Supply: No
  • Energy Institutions: Ministry of Physical Planning, infrastructural Development, Environment 7 natural Resources and the Nevis Island Administration

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