National Flag of Cuba

The Republic of Cuba consists of the island of Cuba (the largest and second-most populous island of the Greater Antilles), Isla de la Juventud and several adjacent small islands.

Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. Better known smaller towns include Baracoa, which was the first Spanish settlement on Cuba, Trinidad, a UNESCO world heritage site, and Bayamo.

Cuba is the most populous insular nation in the Caribbean. Its people, culture and customs draw from several sources including the aboriginal Taíno and Ciboney peoples, the period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves, and its proximity to the United States.

Recent oil exploration has revealed that the North Cuba Basin could produce approximately 4.6 billion barrels (730,000,000 m3) to 9.3 billion barrels (1.48×109 m3) of oil. In 2006, Cuba started to test-drill these locations for possible exploitation.

Applications of hydroelectricity, solar water heating, solar drying of coffee, cocoa, and herbal medicines, as well as water pumping with wind energy are present in Cuba.

Some Achievements:

  • – The first Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion power plant in the world was developed and installed in Matanzas Bay in 1930 by two French scientists.
  • -Gibara II wind farm
  • -180 micro-hydro systems
  • -8000 independent solar electric systems in rural areas
  • -The Energy Revolution Programme

CIPORE Focal Point Office

Anaely Saunders


Centro de Gestion de la Infromacion y Desarrolio de la Energia

Calle 20, No 4111 e/ 18-A y 47,

Miramar, Playa, Ciudad de la Habana,

Telefonos: 537-206-2069, 202-7527

Fax: 537-204-1188


Fast Facts

  • Capital:Havana
  • Official Languages: Spanish
  • Demonym: Cuban
  • Government: Socialist Republic, Single-party communist state
  • Independence: January 1, 1959 (Cuban Revolution)
  • Area: 110,861 km2 /42,803 sq mi
  • Population: 11,423,952 (est. 2008)
  • Currency: Cuban peso

RE Snapshot

  • RE Interests:Solar, hydro, biomass, wind
  • RE Target: NYA
  • Utility Company:
  • RE in Grid Supply: Hydropower, Biomass, Wind
  • Energy Institutions: Cuba Energia, Solar Energy Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture

Green Energy Calculators

Check out your energy alternatives using our convenient calcluators. Select a calculator from the list provided below.

View My Stats