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(CLOSED)Consultant (NATIONAL), CREDP Terminal Evaluation, Georgetown, Guyana

CONSULTANT: CARIBBEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME(CREDP) TERMINAL EVALUATION

Location : Georgetown, GUYANA
Application Deadline : 19-May-10
Type of Contract : SSA
Languages Required :
English
Starting Date :
(date when the selected canditate is expected to start)
07-Jun-2010
Expected Duration of Assignment : 26 (twenty six) days

Background

UNDP/GEF Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) policy
The Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) policy at the project level in UNDP/GEF has four objectives:

  • to monitor and evaluate results and impacts;
  • to provide a basis for decision making on necessary amendments and improvements;
  • to promote accountability for resource use;
  • to document, provide feedback on, and disseminate lessons learned.

A mix of tools is used to ensure effective project M&E. These might be applied continuously throughout the lifetime of the project – e.g. periodic monitoring of indicators -, or as specific time-bound exercises such as mid-term reviews, audit reports and final evaluations.

In accordance with UNDP/GEF M&E policies and procedures, all full and medium-sized projects supported by the GEF should undergo a final evaluation upon completion of implementation. A final evaluation of a GEF-funded project (or previous phase) is required before a concept proposal for additional funding (or subsequent phases of the same project) can be considered for inclusion in a GEF work program. However, a final evaluation is not an appraisal of the follow-up phase.

Final evaluations are intended to assess the relevance, performance and success of the project. It looks at early signs of potential impact and sustainability of results, including the contribution to capacity development and the achievement of global environmental goals. It will also identify/document lessons learned and make recommendations that might improve design and implementation of other UNDP/GEF projects.

The project objectives and its context

In 1998, 14 Caribbean countries and 2 British dependencies agreed to work together to prepare a regional project to remove barriers to the use of renewable energy (RE) and thereby foster its development and commercialisation.  The following countries were involved:

Antigua and Barbuda
The Bahamas
Barbados
Belize
British Virgin Islands
The Republic of Cuba
Dominica
Grenada Guyana
Jamaica
St Kitts and Nevis
St Lucia
St Vincent and the Grenadines
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands

The population of the countries in the region is small compared to the rest of the world.   There is therefore a benefit for regional cooperation and regional delivery of some energy related activities. According to the 1998 census, the group of 16 Caribbean countries participating in the Caribbean Renewable Energy Development Programme (CREDP) has a total population of 18.5 million people, ranging from extremes like Cuba that accounts for 65% of this population (12 million people) to the small islands of Turks and Caicos with only 12,000 people.

The Caribbean region is currently heavily dependent on fossil fuel combustion, with petroleum products accounting for an estimated 93 percent of commercial energy consumption. Conventional methods of electricity production through fossil fuel plants are among the most significant contributors to air, land and water pollution. They are the primary source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and a major cause of a balance of payments problem. At the same time, the expansion of electricity generation is a key aspect to economic development in the Caribbean countries. Cuba and Trinidad and Tobago possess the largest installed capacities, 4300 and 1253 MW, respectively.  Since the Caribbean region has relatively high electricity coverage, off-grid RE systems for rural electrification would apply only for a small group of countries such as Guyana, parts of Belize, and Suriname.

Caribbean countries are relatively small and insular which often indicates their vulnerability.  Most Caribbean countries are net importers of energy which is almost entirely in the form of petroleum.  Income elasticities of energy demand are high which results in a faster growth of energy imports than Gross Domestic Product.  This makes balance-of-payments management progressively difficult as the national economy expands. Energy imports have, therefore, become a critical element in the countries’ of the Region balance of payments management.  Generally, in the Region, the patterns of energy demand in the countries are largely influenced by the structure and stages of economic development.
In the business-as-usual scenario, renewable energy technologies (RETs) are likely to provide less than 2 percent of the region’s commercial electricity by 2015.  The baseline scenario showed that in 1997 the total commercial electricity generation in the 16 Caribbean countries was about 23,000 GWh of which 93% came from fossil fuels, resulting in emissions of approximately 21 million tons of CO2.  Despite the Caribbean’s substantial RE resources, exploitation lags far below their potential, due to policy, financing, capacity and awareness barriers.

The Caribbean Renewable Energy Development Programme (CREDP) was initially a four-year project, financed by the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) with additional support provided by the Government of Germany through its aid agency the GTZ. UNDP is the GEF Implementing Agency and the CARICOM Secretariat is the Executing Agency.
RET considered in CREDP include grid-connected renewable power (e.g. wind farm, bagasse cogeneration, and small hydro), renewable rural electrification (e.g. photovoltaics), and solar water heating. RET is particularly pertinent to developing countries, where climatic conditions, such as sunlight, and infrastructure arrangements favour its expanded use. Thus, some would argue that Caribbean countries could leapfrog across the entire stage of energy sources to a RET development path.  The irony, however, is that while the more significant opportunities for utilizing RET now lie heavily in the developing countries, it is the developed countries that have access to the technology and financial resources to utilize RE sources.  Few of the governments in the Caribbean region have developed policies to promote the use of RET, or have even assessed their inventories of renewable resources.  Thus it is the aim of the project to provide the means of doing so.
There were two evaluations conducted during the life of the project – a mid term evaluation and an evaluation aimed at reformulating the project during the (original) final year of the project.

The project budget is $ US 3.72 M funded from the Global Environment Facility.
Caribbean countries participating in the Project are:  The Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; The Republic of Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guyana; Jamaica; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St Vincent and the Grenadines; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; and the Turks and Caicos Islands.  Objectives of CREDP

The Project focused on the removal of the barriers to renewable energy in the Caribbean Region. Among the main barriers highlighted were policy, finance, human and institutional capacities, awareness and information. These barriers were recognized to be interrelated and cannot be removed as independent components. The project was expected to contribute to the reduction of use of fossil fuels by allowing utilities and private investors to economically develop renewable energy projects in areas such as wind, hydropower, geothermal, biomass and to some extent solar options for power generation with significant impact on the national energy balance, thus reducing GHG emissions.

The main objectives of the Project were:

  • Supporting the implementation of policies, legislation and regulations that create an enabling environment for renewable energy development;
  • Demonstrating innovative financing mechanisms for renewable energy products and projects;
  • Building the capacity of selected players in the renewable energy field;
  • Putting in place an improved regional renewable energy information network.

CREDP’s design in the financial area was to establish CREF (Caribbean Renewable Energy Facility) to provide loans to RE projects. CREF’s funding was initially envisaged to come from the Caribbean Development Bank. Later on, when CDB decided to finance RE projects on a case-by-case basis, rather than setting up a dedicated facility, The funding for CREF was expected to come from the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) through a “private regional development bank.”  Also, CREDP was to work on facilitating the completion of a partial guarantee facility for commercial loans to RE projects which would be funded by USAID/DCA scheme. CREF did not materialise.

The Team will comprise one international and a national (regional)  consultant in order to cover technical expertise, expertise with project implementation, development experience, and have a political/contextual sensitivity.


Duties and Responsibilities

  • Before the arrival of the international consultant, assist in the organization of the interviews
  • Participate in the interviews and assist in information gathering
  • Assist the international consultant in formulating the evaluation report


Competencies

  • Knowledge of project socio-economic and political context of the project
  • Good impartial relationship with government, private sector and non-government actors.




Required Skills and Experience

  • Master’s degree in relevant areas.
  • Have experience with similar projects
UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.


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